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Go'sht yeyuvchilar uchun o'lim darajasi yuqoriroq, deydi 1,5 million odam

Go'sht yeyuvchilar uchun o'lim darajasi yuqoriroq, deydi 1,5 million odam


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Amerika Osteopatik Assotsiatsiyasining tadqiqotlari shuni ko'rsatadiki, qizil go'shtga boy parhez o'limning yuqori darajasi bilan bog'liq

Veganlar va vegetarianlarning atrofimizdagi hamma narsaga befarq bo'lmagan harakat qilishining yana bir sababi.

"Go'sht bizni o'ldiradimi?" soat 10 dan boshlab yangiliklar shov -shuvli sarlavhaga o'xshab ko'rinishi mumkin, ammo bu Amerika Osteopatik Assotsiatsiyasida chop etilgan Mayo Klinikasining haqiqiy tadqiqotidir. Keng ko'lamli ko'rib chiqish 1,5 million kishining ovqatlanish odatlariga ko'ra, go'sht, ayniqsa qizil yoki qayta ishlangan go'sht iste'mol qiluvchilarning o'lim darajasi yuqori. qayta ishlangan go'shtlar hayotimizni qisqartirdi, lekin endi biz bilamiz: bu faqat pastırma emas.

"Bu ma'lumotlar biz uzoq vaqtdan beri bilgan narsalarni kuchaytiradi - sizning dietangiz zarar etkazish yoki shifo berish uchun katta imkoniyatlarga ega", dedi Brukshild Loran, Nyu -York Texnologiya Instituti osteopatik tibbiyot kolleji. "Ushbu klinik dalillar shifokorlarga bemorlarga dietaning muhim roli to'g'risida maslahat berishda yordam berishi mumkin, bu esa tibbiyotning osteopatik falsafasida asosiy e'tiborni yaxshilaydigan profilaktik yordamga olib keladi."

O'rtacha, vegetarian yoki vegetarian turmush tarziga ega bo'lganlar, go'shtli yoki qisqa muddatli vegetarian turmush tarziga qaraganda 3,6 yil ko'proq umr ko'rishgan.


Qurolli zo'ravonlik nafaqat jinoiy adolat muammosi, balki sog'liqni saqlash muammosi, deydi Maykl Rodriges, MD, MPH, UCLA va UCLA Fielding sog'liqni saqlash maktabi professori Devid Geffen maktabi professori.

Doktor Rodriges qurolli zo'ravonlik bilan 25 yildan oshiqroq shug'ullangan. U va Ninez Pons, UCLA sog'liqni saqlash siyosatini tadqiq qilish markazi direktori va UCLA Fielding jamoat salomatligi maktabi professori, yaqinda Kaliforniyada bu masalani o'rganish uchun grant olishdi, u erda 3,000 ga yaqin kishi o'q otish natijasida halok bo'ldi - 54 % o'z joniga qasd qilish.

“Qurolli zo'ravonlik odamlarni o'ldiradi. Bu yana ko'plab odamlarni jarohatlaydi va odamlarni mayib qiladi va ularni umrbod nogironlik bilan ta'minlaydi. Bu sog'likka ta'sir qiladi ”, deydi doktor Rodriges. "Qurol -yarog 'sog'likka zarar etkazishini tan olib, biz bu sog'liq muammosi ekanligini tan olamiz. Biz buni sog'liq muammosi deb bilganimizda, biz boshqa sog'liq muammolari kabi o'ylashimiz mumkin. ”

U COVID-19 ni sog'liqni saqlashga qanday javob berishiga misol sifatida ko'rsatmoqda. Virusning o'lik tabiati tushunilgach, shifokorlar, olimlar va umuman jamiyat xavfni yumshatish yo'llarini izladilar. Ular virusni xaritaga kiritdilar va o'rgandilar, samarali vaktsinalar ishlab chiqdilar, potentsial davolash usullarini o'rgandilar va kasallikning tarqalishini to'xtatishga yordam beradigan shaxsiy va jamoaviy tadbirlarni aniqladilar.

"Qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Biz nima bo'layotganini ko'rishimiz mumkin. Biz xavf omillari nima ekanligini ko'rib chiqishimiz mumkin. Biz qurolli zo'ravonlikni oqilona yo'llar bilan kamaytirish uchun nima qilishimiz mumkinligini ko'rib chiqishimiz va keyin ularni amalga oshirishimiz mumkin ".

Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, qurolni zo'ravonlikni kamaytirish bo'yicha avvalgi harakatlar, masalan, maxsus qurollarni taqiqlash o'lim va jarohatlarning kamayishiga olib kelgan.

Doktor Rodriges va Doktor Pons 2020 yilda qurolli zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlari milliy xayriya jamoat tashkilotidan olgan uch yillik grant Kaliforniya sog'liqni saqlash bo'yicha intervyular so'rovida (CHIS) vakillik qilinmagan guruhlar o'rtasida qurolga egalik va munosabat haqidagi tadqiqotlarni qo'llab-quvvatlaydi. ). Har yili o'tkaziladigan so'rovnoma Kaliforniya shtati bo'ylab 20000 dan ortiq aholining javoblarini o'z ichiga oladi.

Doktor Pons, CHISning bosh tergovchisi, AQShda qurolli zo'ravonlik epidemiyasini sog'liqni saqlash muammosidan ham ko'proq deb hisoblaydi. U buni "inson huquqlari inqirozi" deb ataydi.

"Bu Qo'shma Shtatlarda erta o'limning asosiy sababidir, har yili 38 ming odam o'ladi va 85 mingga yaqin jarohat oladi", deydi u. "Bu har kuni 100 dan ortiq o'lim va 230 dan ortiq odam jarohat oladi."

O'lim, nogironlik va o'qotar qurollardan shikastlanishning oldini olish uchun bizga qanday choralar eng samarali bo'lishi mumkinligi haqidagi tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar kerak, deydi u.

"Jamoat salomatligining asosiy ustunlaridan biri bu profilaktika", deydi doktor Pons. "Bu oldini olish mumkin bo'lgan o'limlar va shikastlanishlar tadqiqotchilar va advokatlarni zo'ravonlikni kamaytiradigan siyosat va dasturlarni targ'ib qilish uchun, ayniqsa, xavf ostida bo'lgan jamoalar o'rtasida amaldagi ma'lumotlarni ishlab chiqarishga undaydi."

So'nggi paytgacha qurol bilan zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlarini federal moliyalashtirish 1996 yilda AQSh Kasalliklarni nazorat qilish va profilaktika markazlariga "qurol nazoratini qo'llab-quvvatlovchi yoki targ'ib qiluvchi" tadqiqotlar uchun davlat mablag'laridan foydalanishga to'sqinlik qilgan o'zgartirish bilan cheklangan edi. Kongress 2018 yilda qonunga aniqlik kiritdi va keyingi yili qurolni xavfsizligini o'rganish uchun 25 million dollar ajratdi, mablag'ni CDC va Milliy sog'liqni saqlash institutlari o'rtasida taqsimladi.

CDC ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda AQShda sodir bo'lgan yo'l -transport hodisalariga qaraganda o'q otish quroli qurbonlari soni ko'proq: 40 mingga yaqin.

(Aytgancha, avtotransport xavfsizligi yillar davomida sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi tadqiqotlardan foyda ko'rgan yana bir sohadir, chunki tadqiqotlar xavfsizlik kamarlarining mandatlari va avtohalokatlarda jarohatlanish va o'limni sezilarli darajada kamaytiradigan boshqa qoidalarga olib kelgan.)

Doktor Rodriges va doktor Pons o'z tadqiqotlarini yoshlar, faxriylar, immigrantlar va LGBT hamjamiyati a'zolariga qaratadilar.

"Biz bu toifadagi qurolga ega odamlar biz o'ylagandan ko'ra ko'proq bo'lishi mumkin deb o'ylaymiz, chunki ularning ko'plari qo'rquv va ularning ko'plari ko'rgan ta'qiblar tufayli," deydi doktor Rodriges. "Afsuski, qo'rquv tez -tez odamlarni qurol olishga undasa -da, bu qurol ularning xavfsizligini oshiradi, degan fikr bilan, haqiqat shundaki, uydagi to'pponcha odam o'ldirish va o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfini oshiradi."

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, faxriylar o'z joniga qasd qilish natijasida o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfi yuqori va boshqa amerikaliklarga qaraganda o'qotar qurolga ega bo'lish ehtimoli ko'proq. Faxriylar ishlari boshqarmasining 2019 yilgi hisobotiga ko'ra, faxriylar uchun o'z joniga qasd qilish darajasi faxriy bo'lmaganlarga qaraganda 1,5 baravar yuqori va erkaklarning o'z joniga qasd qilishining 70 foizida o'qotar qurol ishlatilgan.

Qurolli zo'ravonlikni to'xtatish koalitsiyasi ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda bolalar va o'smirlar o'limining asosiy sababi qurol edi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, UCLAning qurolli zo'ravonlikka oid tadqiqotlari va sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi boshqa tadqiqotlarning maqsadi jamoat siyosatini xabardor qilishdir. Turli xil so'rovlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, amerikaliklarning ko'pchiligi, shu jumladan qurol egalarining ko'pchiligi, umumiy ma'lumotni tekshirish va sudyaga o'zlariga yoki boshqalarga zarar etkazish xavfi bo'lgan odamlardan qurol olib tashlashga ruxsat berish kabi siyosatni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, u qurol xavfsizligi opioid epidemiyasi kabi partiyasiz energiya bilan ta'minlanishiga umid qiladi.

"Respublikachilar va demokratlar opioidlar haqida ma'lumot berishning ishonchli usullarini topish, jamoatchilikni himoya qilish uchun qonunlar berish uchun yig'ilishmoqda", deydi u giyohvandlik inqirozi haqida. "Hamma opioidlar xavfli ekanligini hamma biladi - ular xavfli va bu haqda biror narsa qilaylik. Qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday qilishimiz kerak: biz tanlaganlar bilan birlashing va xavfsiz muhit yaratishga yordam bering. "

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, Qo'shma Shtatlarda qurol-yarog 'va qurol-yarog' o'limi boshqa yuqori daromadli mamlakatlarga qaraganda ko'proq. Yo'qotish nafaqat odamlarning hayotida, balki dollarda, qurol bilan zo'ravonlik AQShga har yili 280 milliard dollardan ziyod tibbiy yordam, jinoiy adliya xarajatlari, ish beruvchining xarajatlari va ish yo'qotilishiga olib keladi.

"Qurolli zo'ravonlik bo'yicha tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar to'plash siyosatchilarga va himoyachilarga qurolli zo'ravonlikning oldini olishda qadam tashlashga imkon beradi", deydi u. "Bu halokatli yo'qotishlarga olib kelgan pandemiya davrida irqiy ziddiyatlar bilan butun mamlakat bo'ylab sodir bo'layotgan fojiali voqealar bilan yanada muhimroq."

AQShda har kuni sodir bo'lgan otishmalarga qaramay, doktor Rodriges o'qotar qurollar va ular etkazgan zararlar bo'yicha puxta o'ylangan tadqiqotlar qonunlarni o'zgartirish va odamlarni keraksiz jarohat va o'limdan himoya qilish uchun etarlicha jamoat va siyosiy qo'llab-quvvatlashga olib kelishi mumkinligidan umidvor.

"Men uning ishini ko'rdim", deydi doktor Rodriges, uning tadqiqotlari Stenford universitetining postdoktorlik tadqiqotchisi sifatida "shanba kuni kechasi maxsus" deb nomlanuvchi arzon, past kalibrli qurollarni taqiqlash harakatiga o'z hissasini qo'shdi, natijada 1997 yilda shtat miqyosida taqiq qo'yildi. .

Ovozli tadqiqotlar butun mamlakat bo'ylab shunga o'xshash harakatni ilhomlantirishi mumkin, deydi u.

"Xuddi tamaki singari, opioidlar bilan bo'lgani kabi, biz ham vaziyatni o'zgartirishimiz kerak va biz buni qila olamiz", deydi u. "Biz buni qila olamiz, chunki odamlar hamma narsa boshqacha bo'lishini xohlashadi. O'ylaymanki, biz sog'liqni saqlash sohasida o'z jamoalarimiz va uylarimizni xavfsizroq qilish uchun nima qilishimiz kerakligi haqida maslahat bera olamiz ".

O'z joniga qasd qilishning oldini olish va yordam manbalari haqida ko'proq bilib oling.


Qurolli zo'ravonlik nafaqat jinoiy adolat masalasi, balki sog'liqni saqlash muammosi, deydi Maykl Rodriges, tibbiyot fanlari doktori, UCLA va UCLA Fielding sog'liqni saqlash maktabi professori.

Doktor Rodriges qurolli zo'ravonlik bilan 25 yildan oshiqroq shug'ullangan. U va Ninez Pons, UCLA sog'liqni saqlash siyosatini tadqiq qilish markazi direktori va UCLA Fielding jamoat salomatligi maktabi professori, yaqinda Kaliforniyada bu masalani o'rganish uchun grant olishdi, u erda 3,000 ga yaqin kishi o'q otish natijasida halok bo'ldi - 54 % o'z joniga qasd qilish.

“Qurolli zo'ravonlik odamlarni o'ldiradi. Bu yana ko'plab odamlarni jarohatlaydi va odamlarni mayib qiladi va ularni umrbod nogironlik bilan ta'minlaydi. Bu sog'likka ta'sir qiladi ”, deydi doktor Rodriges. "Qurol -yarog'lar sog'likka zarar etkazishini tan olib, biz bu sog'liq muammosi ekanligini tan olamiz. Biz buni sog'liq muammosi deb bilganimizda, biz boshqa sog'liq muammolari kabi o'ylashimiz mumkin. ”

U COVID-19 ni sog'liqni saqlashga qanday javob berishiga misol sifatida ko'rsatmoqda. Virusning o'lik tabiati tushunilgach, shifokorlar, olimlar va umuman jamiyat xavfni yumshatish yo'llarini izladilar. Ular virusni xaritaga kiritdilar va o'rgandilar, samarali vaksinalarni ishlab chiqdilar, potentsial davolash usullarini o'rgandilar va kasallikning tarqalishini to'xtatishga yordam beradigan shaxsiy va jamoaviy tadbirlarni aniqladilar.

"Bu qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Biz nima bo'layotganini ko'rishimiz mumkin. Biz xavf omillari nima ekanligini ko'rib chiqishimiz mumkin. Biz qurolli zo'ravonlikni oqilona tarzda kamaytirish uchun nima qilishimiz mumkinligini ko'rib chiqishimiz va keyin ularni amalga oshirishimiz mumkin ".

Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, qurolni zo'ravonlikni kamaytirish bo'yicha avvalgi harakatlar, masalan, maxsus qurollarni taqiqlash o'lim va jarohatlarning kamayishiga olib kelgan.

Doktor Rodriges va Doktor Pons 2020 yilda qurolli zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlari milliy xayriya jamoat tashkilotidan olgan uch yillik grant Kaliforniya sog'liqni saqlash bo'yicha intervyular so'rovida (CHIS) vakillik qilinmagan guruhlar o'rtasida qurolga egalik va munosabat haqidagi tadqiqotlarni qo'llab-quvvatlaydi. ). Yillik so'rov Kaliforniya shtati bo'ylab 20000 dan ortiq aholining javoblarini o'z ichiga oladi.

Doktor Pons, CHISning bosh tergovchisi, AQShda qurolli zo'ravonlik epidemiyasini sog'liqni saqlash muammosidan ham ko'proq deb hisoblaydi. U buni "inson huquqlari inqirozi" deb ataydi.

"Bu Qo'shma Shtatlarda erta o'limning asosiy sababidir, har yili 38 ming odam o'ladi va 85 mingga yaqin jarohat oladi", deydi u. "Bu har kuni 100 dan ortiq o'lim va 230 dan ortiq odam jarohatlanmoqda."

O'lim qurolidan o'lim, nogironlik va shikastlanishni oldini olish uchun bizga qanday choralar eng samarali bo'lishi mumkinligi haqidagi tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar kerak, deydi u.

"Jamoat salomatligining asosiy ustunlaridan biri bu profilaktika", deydi doktor Pons. "Bu oldini olish mumkin bo'lgan o'lim va shikastlanishlar tadqiqotchilarni va himoyachilarni zo'ravonlikni kamaytiradigan siyosat va dasturlarni, ayniqsa xavf ostida bo'lgan jamoalar o'rtasida targ'ib qilish uchun kerakli ma'lumotlarni ishlab chiqarishga undaydi."

So'nggi paytgacha qurol bilan zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlarini federal moliyalashtirish 1996 yilda AQSh Kasalliklarni nazorat qilish va profilaktika markazlariga "qurol nazoratini qo'llab-quvvatlovchi yoki targ'ib qiluvchi" tadqiqotlar uchun davlat mablag'laridan foydalanishga to'sqinlik qilgan o'zgartirish bilan cheklangan edi. Kongress 2018 yilda qonunga aniqlik kiritdi va keyingi yili qurolni xavfsizligini o'rganish uchun 25 million dollar ajratdi, mablag'ni CDC va Milliy sog'liqni saqlash institutlari o'rtasida taqsimladi.

CDC ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda AQShda sodir bo'lgan yo'l -transport hodisalariga qaraganda o'q otish qurolidan ko'proq odam o'lgan: 40 mingga yaqin.

(Aytgancha, avtotransport xavfsizligi yillar davomida sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi tadqiqotlardan foyda ko'rgan yana bir sohadir, chunki tadqiqotlar xavfsizlik kamarlarining mandatlari va avtohalokatlarda jarohatlanish va o'limni sezilarli darajada kamaytiradigan boshqa qoidalarga olib kelgan.)

Doktor Rodriges va doktor Pons o'z tadqiqotlarini yoshlar, faxriylar, immigrantlar va LGBT hamjamiyati a'zolariga qaratadilar.

"Biz bu toifadagi qurolga ega odamlar biz o'ylagandan ko'ra ko'proq bo'lishi mumkin deb o'ylaymiz, chunki ularning ko'plari qo'rquv va ularning ko'plari ko'rgan ta'qiblar tufayli," deydi doktor Rodriges. "Afsuski, qo'rquv tez -tez odamlarni qurol olishga undasa -da, bu qurol ularning xavfsizligini oshiradi, degan fikr bilan, haqiqat shundaki, uydagi to'pponcha odam o'ldirish va o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfini oshiradi."

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, faxriylarning o'z joniga qasd qilishidan o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfi yuqori va boshqa amerikaliklarga qaraganda o'qotar qurolga ega bo'lish ehtimoli ko'proq. Faxriylar ishlari boshqarmasining 2019 yilgi hisobotiga ko'ra, faxriylar uchun o'z joniga qasd qilish darajasi faxriy bo'lmaganlarga qaraganda 1,5 baravar yuqori va erkaklarning o'z joniga qasd qilishining 70 foizida o'qotar qurol ishlatilgan.

Qurolli zo'ravonlikni to'xtatish koalitsiyasi ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda bolalar va o'smirlar o'limining asosiy sababi qurol edi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, UCLA tadqiqotining maqsadi va qurol-yarog'lar zo'ravonligi bo'yicha boshqa sog'liqni saqlash tadqiqotlari, jamoat siyosatini xabardor qilishdir. Turli xil so'rovlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, amerikaliklarning ko'pchiligi, shu jumladan qurol egalarining ko'pchiligi, umumiy ma'lumotni tekshirish va sudyaga o'zlariga yoki boshqalarga zarar etkazish xavfi bo'lgan odamlardan qurol olib tashlashga ruxsat berish kabi siyosatni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, u qurol xavfsizligi opioid epidemiyasi kabi bir xil bo'lmagan energiya bilan ta'minlanishiga umid qiladi.

"Respublikachilar va demokratlar opioidlar haqida ma'lumot berishning to'g'ri usullarini topish, jamoatchilikni himoya qilish uchun qonunlar berish uchun yig'ilishmoqda", deydi u giyohvandlik inqirozi haqida. "Hamma opioidlar xavfli ekanligini hamma biladi - ular xavfli va bu haqda biror narsa qilaylik. Qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday qilishimiz kerak: biz tanlaganlar bilan birlashing va xavfsiz muhit yaratishga yordam bering. "

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, Qo'shma Shtatlarda qurol-yarog 'va qurol-yarog' o'limi boshqa yuqori daromadli mamlakatlarga qaraganda ko'proq. Yo'qotish nafaqat odamlarning hayotida, balki dollarda, qurol bilan zo'ravonlik AQShga har yili 280 milliard dollardan ziyod tibbiy yordam, jinoiy adliya xarajatlari, ish beruvchining xarajatlari va ish yo'qotilishiga olib keladi.

"Qurolli zo'ravonlik bo'yicha tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlarning to'planishi siyosatchilarga va himoyachilarga qurolli zo'ravonlikning oldini olishda qadam tashlashga imkon beradi", deydi u. "Bu halokatli yo'qotishlarga olib kelgan pandemiya davrida irqiy ziddiyatlar bilan butun mamlakat bo'ylab sodir bo'layotgan fojiali voqealar bilan yanada muhimroq."

AQShda har kuni sodir bo'lgan otishmalarga qaramay, doktor Rodriges o'qotar qurollar va ular etkazgan zararlar bo'yicha puxta o'ylangan tadqiqotlar qonunlarni o'zgartirish va odamlarni keraksiz jarohat va o'limdan himoya qilish uchun etarlicha jamoat va siyosiy qo'llab-quvvatlashga olib kelishi mumkinligidan umidvor.

"Men uning ishini ko'rdim", deydi doktor Rodriges, uning tadqiqotlari Stenford universitetining doktorlik dissertanti sifatida o'tkazilgan tadqiqot "shanba kuni kechasi maxsus" deb nomlanuvchi arzon, past kalibrli qurollarni taqiqlash harakatiga hissa qo'shdi, natijada 1997 yilda shtat miqyosida taqiq qo'yildi. .

Ovozli tadqiqotlar butun mamlakat bo'ylab shunga o'xshash harakatni ilhomlantirishi mumkin, deydi u.

"Xuddi tamaki singari, opioidlar bilan bo'lgani kabi, biz ham vaziyatni o'zgartirishimiz kerak va biz buni qila olamiz", deydi u. "Biz buni qila olamiz, chunki odamlar hamma narsa boshqacha bo'lishini xohlashadi. O'ylaymanki, biz sog'liqni saqlash sohasida o'z jamoalarimiz va uylarimizni xavfsizroq qilish uchun nima qilishimiz kerakligi haqida maslahat bera olamiz ".

O'z joniga qasd qilishning oldini olish va yordam manbalari haqida ko'proq bilib oling.


Qurolli zo'ravonlik nafaqat jinoiy adolat muammosi, balki sog'liqni saqlash muammosi, deydi Maykl Rodriges, MD, MPH, UCLA va UCLA Fielding sog'liqni saqlash maktabi professori Devid Geffen maktabi professori.

Doktor Rodriges qurolli zo'ravonlik bilan 25 yildan oshiqroq shug'ullangan. U va Ninez Pons, doktorlik, UCLA sog'liqni saqlash siyosatini tadqiq qilish markazi direktori va UCLA Fielding jamoat salomatligi maktabi professori, yaqinda Kaliforniyadagi masalani o'rganish uchun grant oldilar, bu erda 3,000 ga yaqin kishi o'q otish paytida vafot etdi - 54 % o'z joniga qasd qilish.

“Qurolli zo'ravonlik odamlarni o'ldiradi. Bu yana ko'plab odamlarni jarohatlaydi va odamlarni mayib qiladi va ularni umrbod nogironlik bilan ta'minlaydi. Bu sog'likka ta'sir qiladi ”, deydi doktor Rodriges. "Qurol -yarog'lar sog'likka zarar etkazishini tan olib, biz bu sog'liq muammosi ekanligini tan olamiz. Biz buni sog'liq muammosi deb bilganimizda, biz boshqa sog'liq muammolari kabi o'ylashimiz mumkin. ”

U COVID-19 ni sog'liqni saqlashga qanday javob berishiga misol sifatida ko'rsatmoqda. Virusning o'lik tabiati tushunilgach, shifokorlar, olimlar va umuman jamiyat xavfni yumshatish yo'llarini izladilar. Ular virusni xaritaga kiritdilar va o'rgandilar, samarali vaksinalarni ishlab chiqdilar, potentsial davolash usullarini o'rgandilar va kasallikning tarqalishini to'xtatishga yordam beradigan shaxsiy va jamoaviy tadbirlarni aniqladilar.

"Bu qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Biz nima bo'layotganini ko'rishimiz mumkin. Biz xavf omillari nima ekanligini ko'rib chiqishimiz mumkin. Biz qurolli zo'ravonlikni oqilona yo'llar bilan kamaytirish uchun nima qilishimiz mumkinligini ko'rib chiqishimiz va keyin ularni amalga oshirishimiz mumkin ".

Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, qurolni zo'ravonlikni kamaytirish bo'yicha avvalgi harakatlar, masalan, maxsus qurollarni taqiqlash o'lim va jarohatlarning kamayishiga olib kelgan.

Doktor Rodriges va Doktor Pons 2020 yilda qurolli zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlari milliy xayriya tashkilotidan olgan uch yillik grant Kaliforniya sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi intervyular bo'yicha o'tkazilgan so'rovnomada (CHIS) kam o'qilgan guruhlar o'rtasida qurolga egalik va munosabat haqidagi tadqiqotlarni qo'llab-quvvatlaydi. ). Yillik so'rov Kaliforniya shtati bo'ylab 20000 dan ortiq aholining javoblarini o'z ichiga oladi.

CHISning bosh tergovchisi doktor Pons AQShda qurolli zo'ravonlik epidemiyasini sog'liqni saqlash muammosidan ham ko'proq deb hisoblaydi. U buni "inson huquqlari inqirozi" deb ataydi.

"Bu Qo'shma Shtatlarda erta o'limning asosiy sababidir, har yili 38 ming odam o'ladi va 85 mingga yaqin jarohat oladi", deydi u. "Bu har kuni 100 dan ortiq o'lim va 230 dan ortiq odam jarohatlanmoqda."

O'lim qurolidan o'lim, nogironlik va shikastlanishni oldini olish uchun bizga qanday choralar eng samarali bo'lishi mumkinligi haqidagi tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar kerak, deydi u.

"Jamoat salomatligining asosiy ustunlaridan biri bu profilaktika", deydi doktor Pons. "Bu oldini olish mumkin bo'lgan o'limlar va shikastlanishlar tadqiqotchilar va advokatlarni zo'ravonlikni kamaytiradigan siyosat va dasturlarni targ'ib qilish uchun, ayniqsa, xavf ostida bo'lgan jamoalar o'rtasida amaldagi ma'lumotlarni ishlab chiqarishga undaydi."

So'nggi paytgacha qurol bilan zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlarini federal moliyalashtirish 1996 yilda AQSh Kasalliklarni nazorat qilish va profilaktika markazlariga "qurol nazoratini qo'llab-quvvatlovchi yoki targ'ib qiluvchi" tadqiqotlar uchun davlat mablag'laridan foydalanishga to'sqinlik qilgan o'zgartirish bilan cheklangan edi. Kongress 2018 yilda qonunga aniqlik kiritdi va kelasi yili qurol xavfsizligini o'rganish uchun CDC va Milliy sog'liqni saqlash institutlari o'rtasida 25 million dollar ajratdi.

CDC ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda AQShda sodir bo'lgan yo'l -transport hodisalariga qaraganda o'q otish quroli qurbonlari soni ko'proq: 40 mingga yaqin.

(Aytgancha, avtotransport xavfsizligi yillar davomida sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi tadqiqotlardan foyda ko'rgan yana bir sohadir, chunki tadqiqotlar xavfsizlik kamarlarining mandatlari va avtohalokatlarda jarohatlanish va o'limni sezilarli darajada kamaytiradigan boshqa qoidalarga olib kelgan.)

Doktor Rodriges va doktor Pons o'z tadqiqotlarini yoshlar, faxriylar, immigrantlar va LGBT hamjamiyati a'zolariga qaratadilar.

"Biz bu toifadagi qurolga ega odamlar biz o'ylagandan ko'ra ko'proq bo'lishi mumkin deb o'ylaymiz, chunki ularning ko'plari qo'rquv va ularning ko'plari ta'qib qilishgan", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Afsuski, qo'rquv tez -tez odamlarni qurol olishga undasa -da, bu qurol ularning xavfsizligini oshiradi, degan fikr bilan, haqiqat shundaki, uydagi to'pponcha odam o'ldirish va o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfini oshiradi."

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, faxriylar o'z joniga qasd qilish natijasida o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfi yuqori va boshqa amerikaliklarga qaraganda o'qotar qurolga ega bo'lish ehtimoli ko'proq. Faxriylar ishlari boshqarmasining 2019 yilgi hisobotiga ko'ra, faxriylar uchun o'z joniga qasd qilish darajasi faxriy bo'lmaganlarga qaraganda 1,5 baravar yuqori va erkaklarning o'z joniga qasd qilishining 70 foizida o'qotar qurol ishlatilgan.

Qurolli zo'ravonlikni to'xtatish koalitsiyasi ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda bolalar va o'smirlar o'limining asosiy sababi qurol edi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, UCLAning qurolli zo'ravonlikka oid tadqiqotlari va sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi boshqa tadqiqotlarning maqsadi jamoat siyosatini xabardor qilishdir. Turli xil so'rovlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, amerikaliklarning ko'pchiligi, shu jumladan qurol egalarining ko'pchiligi, umumiy ma'lumotni tekshirish va sudyaga o'zlariga yoki boshqalarga zarar etkazish xavfi bo'lgan odamlardan qurol olib tashlashga ruxsat berish kabi siyosatni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, u qurol xavfsizligi opioid epidemiyasi kabi partiyasiz energiya bilan ta'minlanishiga umid qiladi.

"Respublikachilar va demokratlar opioidlar haqida ma'lumot berishning ishonchli usullarini topish, jamoatchilikni himoya qilish uchun qonunlar berish uchun yig'ilishmoqda", deydi u giyohvandlik inqirozi haqida. "Hamma opioidlar xavfli ekanligini hamma biladi - ular xavfli va bu haqda biror narsa qilaylik. Qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday qilishimiz kerak: biz tanlaganlar bilan birlashing va xavfsiz muhit yaratishga yordam bering. "

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, Qo'shma Shtatlarda qurol-yarog 'va qurol-yarog' o'limi boshqa yuqori daromadli mamlakatlarga qaraganda ko'proq. Yo'qotish nafaqat odamlarning hayotida, balki dollarda, qurol bilan zo'ravonlik AQShga har yili 280 milliard dollardan ziyod tibbiy yordam, jinoiy adliya xarajatlari, ish beruvchining xarajatlari va ish yo'qotilishiga olib keladi.

"Qurolli zo'ravonlik bo'yicha tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar to'plash siyosatchilarga va himoyachilarga qurolli zo'ravonlikning oldini olishda qadam tashlashga imkon beradi", deydi u. "Bu halokatli yo'qotishlar bilan to'lgan pandemiya davrida irqiy ziddiyatlar bilan butun mamlakat bo'ylab sodir bo'layotgan fojiali voqealar bilan yanada muhimroq."

AQShda har kuni sodir bo'lgan otishmalarga qaramay, doktor Rodriges o'qotar qurollar va ular etkazgan zararlar bo'yicha puxta o'ylangan tadqiqotlar qonunlarni o'zgartirish va odamlarni keraksiz jarohat va o'limdan himoya qilish uchun etarlicha jamoat va siyosiy qo'llab-quvvatlashga olib kelishi mumkinligidan umidvor.

"Men uning ishini ko'rdim", deydi doktor Rodriges, uning tadqiqotlari Stenford universitetining postdoktorlik tadqiqotchisi sifatida "shanba kuni kechasi maxsus" deb nomlanuvchi arzon, past kalibrli qurollarni taqiqlash harakatiga o'z hissasini qo'shdi, natijada 1997 yilda shtat miqyosida taqiq qo'yildi. .

Ovozli tadqiqotlar butun mamlakat bo'ylab shunga o'xshash harakatni ilhomlantirishi mumkin, deydi u.

"Xuddi tamaki singari, opioidlar bilan bo'lgani kabi, biz ham vaziyatni o'zgartirishimiz kerak va biz buni qila olamiz", deydi u. "Biz buni qila olamiz, chunki odamlar hamma narsa boshqacha bo'lishini xohlashadi. O'ylaymanki, biz sog'liqni saqlash sohasida o'z jamoalarimiz va uylarimizni xavfsizroq qilish uchun nima qilishimiz kerakligi haqida maslahat bera olamiz ".

O'z joniga qasd qilishning oldini olish va yordam manbalari haqida ko'proq bilib oling.


Qurolli zo'ravonlik nafaqat jinoiy adolat muammosi, balki sog'liqni saqlash muammosi, deydi Maykl Rodriges, MD, MPH, UCLA va UCLA Fielding sog'liqni saqlash maktabi professori Devid Geffen maktabi professori.

Doktor Rodriges qurolli zo'ravonlik bilan 25 yildan oshiqroq shug'ullangan. U va Ninez Pons, UCLA sog'liqni saqlash siyosatini tadqiq qilish markazi direktori va UCLA Fielding jamoat salomatligi maktabi professori, yaqinda Kaliforniyada bu masalani o'rganish uchun grant olishdi, u erda 3,000 ga yaqin kishi o'q otish natijasida halok bo'ldi - 54 % o'z joniga qasd qilish.

“Qurolli zo'ravonlik odamlarni o'ldiradi. Bu yana ko'plab odamlarni jarohatlaydi va odamlarni mayib qiladi va ularni umrbod nogironlik bilan ta'minlaydi. Bu sog'liqqa ta'sir qiladi ", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Qurol -yarog'lar sog'likka zarar etkazishini tan olib, biz bu sog'liq muammosi ekanligini tan olamiz. Biz buni sog'liq muammosi deb bilganimizda, biz boshqa sog'liq muammolari kabi o'ylashimiz mumkin. ”

U COVID-19 ni sog'liqni saqlashga qanday javob berishiga misol sifatida ko'rsatmoqda. Virusning o'lik tabiati aniqlangandan so'ng, shifokorlar, olimlar va umuman jamiyat xavfni yumshatish yo'llarini izladilar. Ular virusni xaritaga kiritdilar va o'rgandilar, samarali vaktsinalar ishlab chiqdilar, potentsial davolash usullarini o'rgandilar va kasallikning tarqalishini to'xtatishga yordam beradigan shaxsiy va jamoaviy tadbirlarni aniqladilar.

"Bu qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Biz nima bo'layotganini ko'rishimiz mumkin. Biz xavf omillari nima ekanligini ko'rib chiqishimiz mumkin. Biz qurolli zo'ravonlikni oqilona yo'llar bilan kamaytirish uchun nima qilishimiz mumkinligini ko'rib chiqishimiz va keyin ularni amalga oshirishimiz mumkin ".

Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, qurolni zo'ravonlikni kamaytirish bo'yicha avvalgi harakatlar, masalan, maxsus qurollarni taqiqlash o'lim va jarohatlarning kamayishiga olib kelgan.

Doktor Rodriges va Doktor Pons 2020 yilda qurolli zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlari milliy xayriya jamoat tashkilotidan olgan uch yillik grant Kaliforniya sog'liqni saqlash bo'yicha intervyular so'rovida (CHIS) vakillik qilinmagan guruhlar o'rtasida qurolga egalik va munosabat haqidagi tadqiqotlarni qo'llab-quvvatlaydi. ). Har yili o'tkaziladigan so'rovnoma Kaliforniya shtati bo'ylab 20000 dan ortiq aholining javoblarini o'z ichiga oladi.

Doktor Pons, CHISning bosh tergovchisi, AQShda qurolli zo'ravonlik epidemiyasini sog'liqni saqlash muammosidan ham ko'proq deb hisoblaydi. U buni "inson huquqlari inqirozi" deb ataydi.

"Bu Qo'shma Shtatlarda erta o'limning asosiy sababidir, har yili 38 ming odam o'ladi va 85 mingga yaqin jarohat oladi", deydi u. "Bu har kuni 100 dan ortiq o'lim va 230 dan ortiq odam jarohat oladi."

O'lim, nogironlik va o'qotar qurollardan shikastlanishning oldini olish uchun bizga qanday choralar eng samarali bo'lishi mumkinligi haqidagi tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar kerak, deydi u.

"Jamoat salomatligining asosiy ustunlaridan biri bu profilaktika", deydi doktor Pons. "Bu oldini olish mumkin bo'lgan o'limlar va shikastlanishlar tadqiqotchilar va advokatlarni zo'ravonlikni kamaytiradigan siyosat va dasturlarni targ'ib qilish uchun, ayniqsa, xavf ostida bo'lgan jamoalar o'rtasida amaldagi ma'lumotlarni ishlab chiqarishga undaydi."

So'nggi paytgacha qurol bilan zo'ravonlik tadqiqotlarini federal moliyalashtirish 1996 yilda AQSh Kasalliklarni nazorat qilish va profilaktika markazlariga "qurol nazoratini qo'llab-quvvatlovchi yoki targ'ib qiluvchi" tadqiqotlar uchun davlat mablag'laridan foydalanishga to'sqinlik qilgan o'zgartirish bilan cheklangan edi. Kongress 2018 yilda qonunga aniqlik kiritdi va keyingi yili qurolni xavfsizligini o'rganish uchun 25 million dollar ajratdi, mablag'ni CDC va Milliy sog'liqni saqlash institutlari o'rtasida taqsimladi.

CDC ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda AQShda sodir bo'lgan yo'l -transport hodisalariga qaraganda o'q otish quroli qurbonlari soni ko'proq: 40 mingga yaqin.

(Aytgancha, avtotransport xavfsizligi-bu yillar davomida sog'liqni saqlash sohasida o'tkazilgan tadqiqotlardan foyda ko'rgan yana bir sohadir, chunki tadqiqotlar xavfsizlik kamarlarining mandatlari va avtohalokatlarda jarohatlanish va o'limni sezilarli darajada kamaytiradigan boshqa qoidalarga olib kelgan.)

Doktor Rodriges va doktor Pons o'z tadqiqotlarini yoshlar, faxriylar, immigrantlar va LGBT hamjamiyati a'zolariga qaratadilar.

"Biz bu toifadagi qurolga ega odamlar biz o'ylagandan ko'ra ko'proq bo'lishi mumkin deb o'ylaymiz, chunki ularning ko'plari qo'rquv va ularning ko'plari ta'qib qilishgan", deydi doktor Rodriges. "Afsuski, qo'rquv tez -tez odamlarni qurol olishga undasa -da, bu qurol ularning xavfsizligini oshiradi, degan fikr bilan, haqiqat shundaki, uydagi to'pponcha odam o'ldirish va o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfini oshiradi."

Doktor Ponsning ta'kidlashicha, faxriylar o'z joniga qasd qilish natijasida o'z joniga qasd qilish xavfi yuqori va boshqa amerikaliklarga qaraganda o'qotar qurolga ega bo'lish ehtimoli ko'proq. Faxriylar ishlari boshqarmasining 2019 yilgi hisobotiga ko'ra, faxriylar uchun o'z joniga qasd qilish darajasi faxriy bo'lmaganlarga qaraganda 1,5 baravar yuqori va erkaklarning o'z joniga qasd qilishining 70 foizida o'qotar qurol ishlatilgan.

Qurolli zo'ravonlikni to'xtatish koalitsiyasi ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, 2019 yilda bolalar va o'smirlar o'limining asosiy sababi qurol edi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, UCLAning qurolli zo'ravonlikka oid tadqiqotlari va sog'liqni saqlash sohasidagi boshqa tadqiqotlarning maqsadi jamoat siyosatini xabardor qilishdir. Turli xil so'rovlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, amerikaliklarning ko'pchiligi, shu jumladan qurol egalarining ko'pchiligi, umumiy ma'lumotni tekshirish va sudyaga o'zlariga yoki boshqalarga zarar etkazish xavfi bo'lgan odamlardan qurol olib tashlashga ruxsat berish kabi siyosatni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi.

Doktor Rodrigesning aytishicha, u qurol xavfsizligi opioid epidemiyasi kabi bir xil bo'lmagan energiya bilan ta'minlanishiga umid qiladi.

"Respublikachilar va demokratlar opioidlar haqida ma'lumot berishning ishonchli usullarini topish, jamoatchilikni himoya qilish uchun qonunlar berish uchun yig'ilishmoqda", deydi u giyohvandlik inqirozi haqida. "Hamma opioidlar xavfli ekanligini hamma biladi - ular xavfli va bu haqda biror narsa qilaylik. Qurol bilan ham xuddi shunday qilishimiz kerak: biz tanlaganlar bilan birlashing va xavfsiz muhit yaratishga yordam bering. "

Doktor Ponsning qayd etishicha, Qo'shma Shtatlarda qurol-yarog 'va qurol-yarog' o'limi boshqa yuqori daromadli mamlakatlarga qaraganda ko'proq. Yo'qotish nafaqat odamlarning hayotida, balki dollarda, qurol bilan zo'ravonlik AQShga har yili 280 milliard dollardan ziyod tibbiy yordam, jinoiy adliya xarajatlari, ish beruvchining xarajatlari va ish yo'qotilishiga olib keladi.

"Qurolli zo'ravonlik bo'yicha tadqiqotlar va ma'lumotlar to'plash siyosatchilarga va himoyachilarga qurolli zo'ravonlikning oldini olishda qadam tashlashga imkon beradi", deydi u. "Bu halokatli yo'qotishlarga olib kelgan pandemiya davrida irqiy ziddiyatlar bilan butun mamlakat bo'ylab sodir bo'layotgan fojiali voqealar bilan yanada muhimroq."

AQShda har kuni sodir bo'lgan otishmalarga qaramay, doktor Rodriges o'qotar qurollar va ular etkazgan zararlar haqidagi puxta tadqiqotlar qonunlarni o'zgartirish va odamlarni keraksiz shikastlanishlar va o'limdan himoya qilish uchun etarlicha jamoat va siyosiy qo'llab-quvvatlashga olib kelishi mumkinligidan umidvor.

"Men uning ishini ko'rdim", deydi doktor Rodriges, uning tadqiqotlari Stenford universitetida doktorlik dissertanti sifatida o'tkazilgan tadqiqot "shanba kuni kechasi maxsus" deb nomlanuvchi arzon, past kalibrli qurollarni taqiqlash harakatiga hissa qo'shdi, natijada 1997 yilda shtat miqyosida taqiq qo'yildi. .

Ovozli tadqiqotlar butun mamlakat bo'ylab shunga o'xshash harakatni ilhomlantirishi mumkin, deydi u.

"Xuddi tamaki singari, opioidlar bilan bo'lgani kabi, biz ham vaziyatni o'zgartirishimiz kerak va biz buni qila olamiz", deydi u. "Biz buni qila olamiz, chunki odamlar hamma narsa boshqacha bo'lishini xohlashadi. O'ylaymanki, biz sog'liqni saqlash sohasida o'z jamoalarimiz va uylarimizni xavfsizroq qilish uchun nima qilishimiz kerakligi haqida maslahat bera olamiz ".

O'z joniga qasd qilishning oldini olish va yordam manbalari haqida ko'proq bilib oling.


Qurolli zo'ravonlik nafaqat jinoiy adolat masalasi, balki sog'liqni saqlash muammosi, deydi Maykl Rodriges, MD, MPH, UCLA va UCLA Fielding sog'liqni saqlash maktabi professori Devid Geffen maktabi professori.

Dr. Rodriguez has been studying gun violence for more than 25 years. He and Ninez Ponce, PhD, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and a professor at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, recently received a grant to explore the issue in California, where about 3,000 people died by gunfire in 2019 — 54% by suicide.

“Gun violence kills people. It also injures many more people and maims people and provides them with disabilities for life. These are health impacts,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “By recognizing that guns are causing these health impacts, we recognize that it’s a health problem. Once we recognize it as a health problem, we can think about it the way we do other health problems.”

He points to COVID-19 as an example of what a public-health response looks like. Once the deadly nature of the virus was understood, doctors, scientists and the community at large looked for ways to mitigate the threat. They mapped and studied the virus, developed effective vaccines, investigated potential treatments and outlined personal and collective interventions to help stop the spread of the disease.

“It’s the same way with guns,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “We can look at what’s going on. We can look at what are the risk factors. We can look at what we can do to reduce the gun violence in sensible ways and then implement them.”

Previous gun-violence reduction efforts, such as outlawing specific weapons, resulted in a drop in deaths and injuries, he says.

The three-year grant, which Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce received in 2020 from the philanthropic National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, will support research on gun ownership and attitudes among understudied groups represented in the population-based California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The annual survey comprises responses from more than 20,000 residents across California.

Dr. Ponce, the principal investigator of CHIS, considers the gun-violence epidemic in the U.S. to be even more than a public health issue. She calls it a “human-rights crisis.”

“It’s the leading cause of premature death in the United States, killing 38,000 people and causing nearly 85,000 injuries each year,” she says. “That’s more than 100 deaths and more than 230 wounded every day.”

To prevent death, disability and injury from firearms, we need research and data on what interventions might be most effective, she says.

“One of the main pillars of public health is prevention,” Dr. Ponce says. “These preventable deaths and injuries fuel researchers and advocates to produce actionable data to promote policies and programs that reduce violence, especially among at-risk communities.”

Until recently, federal funding for gun-violence research was limited by a 1996 amendment that prevented the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using public funds for studies that “advocate or promote gun control.” Congress clarified the law in 2018, and allocated $25 million the following year to study gun safety, splitting the funds between the CDC and the National Institutes of Health.

According to the CDC, more people were killed by firearms than traffic accidents in the U.S. in 2019: nearly 40,000.

(Incidentally, motor-vehicle safety is another area that has benefited from public-health research over the years, as studies led to seat belt mandates and other regulations that significantly reduced car-accident injuries and deaths.)

Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce will focus their research on young adults, veterans, immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

“We suspect there may be more people who own guns in these categories than we thought, because of the fear many of them have and the persecution many of them have experienced,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “Unfortunately, while fear frequently drives people to get a gun, with the thought that having that gun will increase their safety, the reality is that a handgun in the home increases the risks for homicide and for suicide in that home.”

Veterans are at high risk of suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, Dr. Ponce notes, and are more likely than other Americans to own a firearm. According to a 2019 report by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the suicide rate is 1.5 times higher for veterans than non-veterans and firearms were the method in 70% of male veteran suicide deaths.

In addition, guns were the leading cause of death among children and teens in 2019, according to the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.

The aim of UCLA’s research and other public-health explorations of gun violence is to inform public policies, Dr. Rodriguez says, adding that public sentiment already favors increased gun-safety measures. Various polls show that a majority of Americans, including a majority of gun owners, support such policies as universal background checks and allowing a judge to remove guns from people at risk of hurting themselves or others.

Dr. Rodriguez says he hopes to see gun safety addressed with the same nonpartisan energy as the opioid epidemic.

“Republicans and Democrats are coming together to find sound ways to provide information about opioids, to provide laws to protect the public,” he says of the drug crisis. “Everybody in the public knows that opioids are dangerous — they’re dangerous and let’s do something about it. Same thing we should be doing with guns: get together with those who we elect and help create safer environments.”

Dr. Ponce notes that the United States has more guns and more gun deaths than other high-income countries. The loss isn’t only in lives, but in dollars, with gun violence costing the U.S. more than $280 billion annually in medical care, criminal-justice costs, employer costs and work loss.

“Building research and data on gun violence enables policymakers and advocates to make strides toward gun-violence prevention,” she says. “It’s even more critical now with all of the tragic events happening around the nation with racial tensions amidst the pandemic, which has been fraught with devastating losses.”

Despite near-daily shootings in the U.S., Dr. Rodriguez remains hopeful that thoughtful research on firearms and the damage they inflict can generate enough public and political support to change laws and ultimately protect people from unnecessary injury and death.

“I’ve seen it work,” says Dr. Rodriguez, whose research as a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University contributed to the movement to outlaw cheap, low-caliber guns known as “Saturday night specials,” resulting in a statewide ban in 1997.

Sound research can inspire a similar movement nationwide, he says.

“Just like with tobacco, with opioids — we’ve got to change this around, and we can do it,” he says. “We can do it because people want things to be different. And I think we, in the health professions, can help advise on what it is we need to do to help make our communities and our homes safer.”

Learn more about suicide prevention and resources for help.


Gun violence isn’t just a criminal justice issue, it’s a public health issue, says Michael Rodriguez, MD, MPH, a professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Dr. Rodriguez has been studying gun violence for more than 25 years. He and Ninez Ponce, PhD, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and a professor at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, recently received a grant to explore the issue in California, where about 3,000 people died by gunfire in 2019 — 54% by suicide.

“Gun violence kills people. It also injures many more people and maims people and provides them with disabilities for life. These are health impacts,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “By recognizing that guns are causing these health impacts, we recognize that it’s a health problem. Once we recognize it as a health problem, we can think about it the way we do other health problems.”

He points to COVID-19 as an example of what a public-health response looks like. Once the deadly nature of the virus was understood, doctors, scientists and the community at large looked for ways to mitigate the threat. They mapped and studied the virus, developed effective vaccines, investigated potential treatments and outlined personal and collective interventions to help stop the spread of the disease.

“It’s the same way with guns,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “We can look at what’s going on. We can look at what are the risk factors. We can look at what we can do to reduce the gun violence in sensible ways and then implement them.”

Previous gun-violence reduction efforts, such as outlawing specific weapons, resulted in a drop in deaths and injuries, he says.

The three-year grant, which Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce received in 2020 from the philanthropic National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, will support research on gun ownership and attitudes among understudied groups represented in the population-based California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The annual survey comprises responses from more than 20,000 residents across California.

Dr. Ponce, the principal investigator of CHIS, considers the gun-violence epidemic in the U.S. to be even more than a public health issue. She calls it a “human-rights crisis.”

“It’s the leading cause of premature death in the United States, killing 38,000 people and causing nearly 85,000 injuries each year,” she says. “That’s more than 100 deaths and more than 230 wounded every day.”

To prevent death, disability and injury from firearms, we need research and data on what interventions might be most effective, she says.

“One of the main pillars of public health is prevention,” Dr. Ponce says. “These preventable deaths and injuries fuel researchers and advocates to produce actionable data to promote policies and programs that reduce violence, especially among at-risk communities.”

Until recently, federal funding for gun-violence research was limited by a 1996 amendment that prevented the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using public funds for studies that “advocate or promote gun control.” Congress clarified the law in 2018, and allocated $25 million the following year to study gun safety, splitting the funds between the CDC and the National Institutes of Health.

According to the CDC, more people were killed by firearms than traffic accidents in the U.S. in 2019: nearly 40,000.

(Incidentally, motor-vehicle safety is another area that has benefited from public-health research over the years, as studies led to seat belt mandates and other regulations that significantly reduced car-accident injuries and deaths.)

Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce will focus their research on young adults, veterans, immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

“We suspect there may be more people who own guns in these categories than we thought, because of the fear many of them have and the persecution many of them have experienced,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “Unfortunately, while fear frequently drives people to get a gun, with the thought that having that gun will increase their safety, the reality is that a handgun in the home increases the risks for homicide and for suicide in that home.”

Veterans are at high risk of suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, Dr. Ponce notes, and are more likely than other Americans to own a firearm. According to a 2019 report by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the suicide rate is 1.5 times higher for veterans than non-veterans and firearms were the method in 70% of male veteran suicide deaths.

In addition, guns were the leading cause of death among children and teens in 2019, according to the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.

The aim of UCLA’s research and other public-health explorations of gun violence is to inform public policies, Dr. Rodriguez says, adding that public sentiment already favors increased gun-safety measures. Various polls show that a majority of Americans, including a majority of gun owners, support such policies as universal background checks and allowing a judge to remove guns from people at risk of hurting themselves or others.

Dr. Rodriguez says he hopes to see gun safety addressed with the same nonpartisan energy as the opioid epidemic.

“Republicans and Democrats are coming together to find sound ways to provide information about opioids, to provide laws to protect the public,” he says of the drug crisis. “Everybody in the public knows that opioids are dangerous — they’re dangerous and let’s do something about it. Same thing we should be doing with guns: get together with those who we elect and help create safer environments.”

Dr. Ponce notes that the United States has more guns and more gun deaths than other high-income countries. The loss isn’t only in lives, but in dollars, with gun violence costing the U.S. more than $280 billion annually in medical care, criminal-justice costs, employer costs and work loss.

“Building research and data on gun violence enables policymakers and advocates to make strides toward gun-violence prevention,” she says. “It’s even more critical now with all of the tragic events happening around the nation with racial tensions amidst the pandemic, which has been fraught with devastating losses.”

Despite near-daily shootings in the U.S., Dr. Rodriguez remains hopeful that thoughtful research on firearms and the damage they inflict can generate enough public and political support to change laws and ultimately protect people from unnecessary injury and death.

“I’ve seen it work,” says Dr. Rodriguez, whose research as a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University contributed to the movement to outlaw cheap, low-caliber guns known as “Saturday night specials,” resulting in a statewide ban in 1997.

Sound research can inspire a similar movement nationwide, he says.

“Just like with tobacco, with opioids — we’ve got to change this around, and we can do it,” he says. “We can do it because people want things to be different. And I think we, in the health professions, can help advise on what it is we need to do to help make our communities and our homes safer.”

Learn more about suicide prevention and resources for help.


Gun violence isn’t just a criminal justice issue, it’s a public health issue, says Michael Rodriguez, MD, MPH, a professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Dr. Rodriguez has been studying gun violence for more than 25 years. He and Ninez Ponce, PhD, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and a professor at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, recently received a grant to explore the issue in California, where about 3,000 people died by gunfire in 2019 — 54% by suicide.

“Gun violence kills people. It also injures many more people and maims people and provides them with disabilities for life. These are health impacts,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “By recognizing that guns are causing these health impacts, we recognize that it’s a health problem. Once we recognize it as a health problem, we can think about it the way we do other health problems.”

He points to COVID-19 as an example of what a public-health response looks like. Once the deadly nature of the virus was understood, doctors, scientists and the community at large looked for ways to mitigate the threat. They mapped and studied the virus, developed effective vaccines, investigated potential treatments and outlined personal and collective interventions to help stop the spread of the disease.

“It’s the same way with guns,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “We can look at what’s going on. We can look at what are the risk factors. We can look at what we can do to reduce the gun violence in sensible ways and then implement them.”

Previous gun-violence reduction efforts, such as outlawing specific weapons, resulted in a drop in deaths and injuries, he says.

The three-year grant, which Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce received in 2020 from the philanthropic National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, will support research on gun ownership and attitudes among understudied groups represented in the population-based California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The annual survey comprises responses from more than 20,000 residents across California.

Dr. Ponce, the principal investigator of CHIS, considers the gun-violence epidemic in the U.S. to be even more than a public health issue. She calls it a “human-rights crisis.”

“It’s the leading cause of premature death in the United States, killing 38,000 people and causing nearly 85,000 injuries each year,” she says. “That’s more than 100 deaths and more than 230 wounded every day.”

To prevent death, disability and injury from firearms, we need research and data on what interventions might be most effective, she says.

“One of the main pillars of public health is prevention,” Dr. Ponce says. “These preventable deaths and injuries fuel researchers and advocates to produce actionable data to promote policies and programs that reduce violence, especially among at-risk communities.”

Until recently, federal funding for gun-violence research was limited by a 1996 amendment that prevented the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using public funds for studies that “advocate or promote gun control.” Congress clarified the law in 2018, and allocated $25 million the following year to study gun safety, splitting the funds between the CDC and the National Institutes of Health.

According to the CDC, more people were killed by firearms than traffic accidents in the U.S. in 2019: nearly 40,000.

(Incidentally, motor-vehicle safety is another area that has benefited from public-health research over the years, as studies led to seat belt mandates and other regulations that significantly reduced car-accident injuries and deaths.)

Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce will focus their research on young adults, veterans, immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

“We suspect there may be more people who own guns in these categories than we thought, because of the fear many of them have and the persecution many of them have experienced,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “Unfortunately, while fear frequently drives people to get a gun, with the thought that having that gun will increase their safety, the reality is that a handgun in the home increases the risks for homicide and for suicide in that home.”

Veterans are at high risk of suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, Dr. Ponce notes, and are more likely than other Americans to own a firearm. According to a 2019 report by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the suicide rate is 1.5 times higher for veterans than non-veterans and firearms were the method in 70% of male veteran suicide deaths.

In addition, guns were the leading cause of death among children and teens in 2019, according to the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.

The aim of UCLA’s research and other public-health explorations of gun violence is to inform public policies, Dr. Rodriguez says, adding that public sentiment already favors increased gun-safety measures. Various polls show that a majority of Americans, including a majority of gun owners, support such policies as universal background checks and allowing a judge to remove guns from people at risk of hurting themselves or others.

Dr. Rodriguez says he hopes to see gun safety addressed with the same nonpartisan energy as the opioid epidemic.

“Republicans and Democrats are coming together to find sound ways to provide information about opioids, to provide laws to protect the public,” he says of the drug crisis. “Everybody in the public knows that opioids are dangerous — they’re dangerous and let’s do something about it. Same thing we should be doing with guns: get together with those who we elect and help create safer environments.”

Dr. Ponce notes that the United States has more guns and more gun deaths than other high-income countries. The loss isn’t only in lives, but in dollars, with gun violence costing the U.S. more than $280 billion annually in medical care, criminal-justice costs, employer costs and work loss.

“Building research and data on gun violence enables policymakers and advocates to make strides toward gun-violence prevention,” she says. “It’s even more critical now with all of the tragic events happening around the nation with racial tensions amidst the pandemic, which has been fraught with devastating losses.”

Despite near-daily shootings in the U.S., Dr. Rodriguez remains hopeful that thoughtful research on firearms and the damage they inflict can generate enough public and political support to change laws and ultimately protect people from unnecessary injury and death.

“I’ve seen it work,” says Dr. Rodriguez, whose research as a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University contributed to the movement to outlaw cheap, low-caliber guns known as “Saturday night specials,” resulting in a statewide ban in 1997.

Sound research can inspire a similar movement nationwide, he says.

“Just like with tobacco, with opioids — we’ve got to change this around, and we can do it,” he says. “We can do it because people want things to be different. And I think we, in the health professions, can help advise on what it is we need to do to help make our communities and our homes safer.”

Learn more about suicide prevention and resources for help.


Gun violence isn’t just a criminal justice issue, it’s a public health issue, says Michael Rodriguez, MD, MPH, a professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Dr. Rodriguez has been studying gun violence for more than 25 years. He and Ninez Ponce, PhD, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and a professor at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, recently received a grant to explore the issue in California, where about 3,000 people died by gunfire in 2019 — 54% by suicide.

“Gun violence kills people. It also injures many more people and maims people and provides them with disabilities for life. These are health impacts,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “By recognizing that guns are causing these health impacts, we recognize that it’s a health problem. Once we recognize it as a health problem, we can think about it the way we do other health problems.”

He points to COVID-19 as an example of what a public-health response looks like. Once the deadly nature of the virus was understood, doctors, scientists and the community at large looked for ways to mitigate the threat. They mapped and studied the virus, developed effective vaccines, investigated potential treatments and outlined personal and collective interventions to help stop the spread of the disease.

“It’s the same way with guns,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “We can look at what’s going on. We can look at what are the risk factors. We can look at what we can do to reduce the gun violence in sensible ways and then implement them.”

Previous gun-violence reduction efforts, such as outlawing specific weapons, resulted in a drop in deaths and injuries, he says.

The three-year grant, which Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce received in 2020 from the philanthropic National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, will support research on gun ownership and attitudes among understudied groups represented in the population-based California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The annual survey comprises responses from more than 20,000 residents across California.

Dr. Ponce, the principal investigator of CHIS, considers the gun-violence epidemic in the U.S. to be even more than a public health issue. She calls it a “human-rights crisis.”

“It’s the leading cause of premature death in the United States, killing 38,000 people and causing nearly 85,000 injuries each year,” she says. “That’s more than 100 deaths and more than 230 wounded every day.”

To prevent death, disability and injury from firearms, we need research and data on what interventions might be most effective, she says.

“One of the main pillars of public health is prevention,” Dr. Ponce says. “These preventable deaths and injuries fuel researchers and advocates to produce actionable data to promote policies and programs that reduce violence, especially among at-risk communities.”

Until recently, federal funding for gun-violence research was limited by a 1996 amendment that prevented the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using public funds for studies that “advocate or promote gun control.” Congress clarified the law in 2018, and allocated $25 million the following year to study gun safety, splitting the funds between the CDC and the National Institutes of Health.

According to the CDC, more people were killed by firearms than traffic accidents in the U.S. in 2019: nearly 40,000.

(Incidentally, motor-vehicle safety is another area that has benefited from public-health research over the years, as studies led to seat belt mandates and other regulations that significantly reduced car-accident injuries and deaths.)

Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce will focus their research on young adults, veterans, immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

“We suspect there may be more people who own guns in these categories than we thought, because of the fear many of them have and the persecution many of them have experienced,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “Unfortunately, while fear frequently drives people to get a gun, with the thought that having that gun will increase their safety, the reality is that a handgun in the home increases the risks for homicide and for suicide in that home.”

Veterans are at high risk of suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, Dr. Ponce notes, and are more likely than other Americans to own a firearm. According to a 2019 report by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the suicide rate is 1.5 times higher for veterans than non-veterans and firearms were the method in 70% of male veteran suicide deaths.

In addition, guns were the leading cause of death among children and teens in 2019, according to the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.

The aim of UCLA’s research and other public-health explorations of gun violence is to inform public policies, Dr. Rodriguez says, adding that public sentiment already favors increased gun-safety measures. Various polls show that a majority of Americans, including a majority of gun owners, support such policies as universal background checks and allowing a judge to remove guns from people at risk of hurting themselves or others.

Dr. Rodriguez says he hopes to see gun safety addressed with the same nonpartisan energy as the opioid epidemic.

“Republicans and Democrats are coming together to find sound ways to provide information about opioids, to provide laws to protect the public,” he says of the drug crisis. “Everybody in the public knows that opioids are dangerous — they’re dangerous and let’s do something about it. Same thing we should be doing with guns: get together with those who we elect and help create safer environments.”

Dr. Ponce notes that the United States has more guns and more gun deaths than other high-income countries. The loss isn’t only in lives, but in dollars, with gun violence costing the U.S. more than $280 billion annually in medical care, criminal-justice costs, employer costs and work loss.

“Building research and data on gun violence enables policymakers and advocates to make strides toward gun-violence prevention,” she says. “It’s even more critical now with all of the tragic events happening around the nation with racial tensions amidst the pandemic, which has been fraught with devastating losses.”

Despite near-daily shootings in the U.S., Dr. Rodriguez remains hopeful that thoughtful research on firearms and the damage they inflict can generate enough public and political support to change laws and ultimately protect people from unnecessary injury and death.

“I’ve seen it work,” says Dr. Rodriguez, whose research as a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University contributed to the movement to outlaw cheap, low-caliber guns known as “Saturday night specials,” resulting in a statewide ban in 1997.

Sound research can inspire a similar movement nationwide, he says.

“Just like with tobacco, with opioids — we’ve got to change this around, and we can do it,” he says. “We can do it because people want things to be different. And I think we, in the health professions, can help advise on what it is we need to do to help make our communities and our homes safer.”

Learn more about suicide prevention and resources for help.


Gun violence isn’t just a criminal justice issue, it’s a public health issue, says Michael Rodriguez, MD, MPH, a professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Dr. Rodriguez has been studying gun violence for more than 25 years. He and Ninez Ponce, PhD, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and a professor at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, recently received a grant to explore the issue in California, where about 3,000 people died by gunfire in 2019 — 54% by suicide.

“Gun violence kills people. It also injures many more people and maims people and provides them with disabilities for life. These are health impacts,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “By recognizing that guns are causing these health impacts, we recognize that it’s a health problem. Once we recognize it as a health problem, we can think about it the way we do other health problems.”

He points to COVID-19 as an example of what a public-health response looks like. Once the deadly nature of the virus was understood, doctors, scientists and the community at large looked for ways to mitigate the threat. They mapped and studied the virus, developed effective vaccines, investigated potential treatments and outlined personal and collective interventions to help stop the spread of the disease.

“It’s the same way with guns,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “We can look at what’s going on. We can look at what are the risk factors. We can look at what we can do to reduce the gun violence in sensible ways and then implement them.”

Previous gun-violence reduction efforts, such as outlawing specific weapons, resulted in a drop in deaths and injuries, he says.

The three-year grant, which Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce received in 2020 from the philanthropic National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, will support research on gun ownership and attitudes among understudied groups represented in the population-based California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The annual survey comprises responses from more than 20,000 residents across California.

Dr. Ponce, the principal investigator of CHIS, considers the gun-violence epidemic in the U.S. to be even more than a public health issue. She calls it a “human-rights crisis.”

“It’s the leading cause of premature death in the United States, killing 38,000 people and causing nearly 85,000 injuries each year,” she says. “That’s more than 100 deaths and more than 230 wounded every day.”

To prevent death, disability and injury from firearms, we need research and data on what interventions might be most effective, she says.

“One of the main pillars of public health is prevention,” Dr. Ponce says. “These preventable deaths and injuries fuel researchers and advocates to produce actionable data to promote policies and programs that reduce violence, especially among at-risk communities.”

Until recently, federal funding for gun-violence research was limited by a 1996 amendment that prevented the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using public funds for studies that “advocate or promote gun control.” Congress clarified the law in 2018, and allocated $25 million the following year to study gun safety, splitting the funds between the CDC and the National Institutes of Health.

According to the CDC, more people were killed by firearms than traffic accidents in the U.S. in 2019: nearly 40,000.

(Incidentally, motor-vehicle safety is another area that has benefited from public-health research over the years, as studies led to seat belt mandates and other regulations that significantly reduced car-accident injuries and deaths.)

Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce will focus their research on young adults, veterans, immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

“We suspect there may be more people who own guns in these categories than we thought, because of the fear many of them have and the persecution many of them have experienced,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “Unfortunately, while fear frequently drives people to get a gun, with the thought that having that gun will increase their safety, the reality is that a handgun in the home increases the risks for homicide and for suicide in that home.”

Veterans are at high risk of suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, Dr. Ponce notes, and are more likely than other Americans to own a firearm. According to a 2019 report by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the suicide rate is 1.5 times higher for veterans than non-veterans and firearms were the method in 70% of male veteran suicide deaths.

In addition, guns were the leading cause of death among children and teens in 2019, according to the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.

The aim of UCLA’s research and other public-health explorations of gun violence is to inform public policies, Dr. Rodriguez says, adding that public sentiment already favors increased gun-safety measures. Various polls show that a majority of Americans, including a majority of gun owners, support such policies as universal background checks and allowing a judge to remove guns from people at risk of hurting themselves or others.

Dr. Rodriguez says he hopes to see gun safety addressed with the same nonpartisan energy as the opioid epidemic.

“Republicans and Democrats are coming together to find sound ways to provide information about opioids, to provide laws to protect the public,” he says of the drug crisis. “Everybody in the public knows that opioids are dangerous — they’re dangerous and let’s do something about it. Same thing we should be doing with guns: get together with those who we elect and help create safer environments.”

Dr. Ponce notes that the United States has more guns and more gun deaths than other high-income countries. The loss isn’t only in lives, but in dollars, with gun violence costing the U.S. more than $280 billion annually in medical care, criminal-justice costs, employer costs and work loss.

“Building research and data on gun violence enables policymakers and advocates to make strides toward gun-violence prevention,” she says. “It’s even more critical now with all of the tragic events happening around the nation with racial tensions amidst the pandemic, which has been fraught with devastating losses.”

Despite near-daily shootings in the U.S., Dr. Rodriguez remains hopeful that thoughtful research on firearms and the damage they inflict can generate enough public and political support to change laws and ultimately protect people from unnecessary injury and death.

“I’ve seen it work,” says Dr. Rodriguez, whose research as a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University contributed to the movement to outlaw cheap, low-caliber guns known as “Saturday night specials,” resulting in a statewide ban in 1997.

Sound research can inspire a similar movement nationwide, he says.

“Just like with tobacco, with opioids — we’ve got to change this around, and we can do it,” he says. “We can do it because people want things to be different. And I think we, in the health professions, can help advise on what it is we need to do to help make our communities and our homes safer.”

Learn more about suicide prevention and resources for help.


Gun violence isn’t just a criminal justice issue, it’s a public health issue, says Michael Rodriguez, MD, MPH, a professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Dr. Rodriguez has been studying gun violence for more than 25 years. He and Ninez Ponce, PhD, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and a professor at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, recently received a grant to explore the issue in California, where about 3,000 people died by gunfire in 2019 — 54% by suicide.

“Gun violence kills people. It also injures many more people and maims people and provides them with disabilities for life. These are health impacts,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “By recognizing that guns are causing these health impacts, we recognize that it’s a health problem. Once we recognize it as a health problem, we can think about it the way we do other health problems.”

He points to COVID-19 as an example of what a public-health response looks like. Once the deadly nature of the virus was understood, doctors, scientists and the community at large looked for ways to mitigate the threat. They mapped and studied the virus, developed effective vaccines, investigated potential treatments and outlined personal and collective interventions to help stop the spread of the disease.

“It’s the same way with guns,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “We can look at what’s going on. We can look at what are the risk factors. We can look at what we can do to reduce the gun violence in sensible ways and then implement them.”

Previous gun-violence reduction efforts, such as outlawing specific weapons, resulted in a drop in deaths and injuries, he says.

The three-year grant, which Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce received in 2020 from the philanthropic National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, will support research on gun ownership and attitudes among understudied groups represented in the population-based California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The annual survey comprises responses from more than 20,000 residents across California.

Dr. Ponce, the principal investigator of CHIS, considers the gun-violence epidemic in the U.S. to be even more than a public health issue. She calls it a “human-rights crisis.”

“It’s the leading cause of premature death in the United States, killing 38,000 people and causing nearly 85,000 injuries each year,” she says. “That’s more than 100 deaths and more than 230 wounded every day.”

To prevent death, disability and injury from firearms, we need research and data on what interventions might be most effective, she says.

“One of the main pillars of public health is prevention,” Dr. Ponce says. “These preventable deaths and injuries fuel researchers and advocates to produce actionable data to promote policies and programs that reduce violence, especially among at-risk communities.”

Until recently, federal funding for gun-violence research was limited by a 1996 amendment that prevented the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using public funds for studies that “advocate or promote gun control.” Congress clarified the law in 2018, and allocated $25 million the following year to study gun safety, splitting the funds between the CDC and the National Institutes of Health.

According to the CDC, more people were killed by firearms than traffic accidents in the U.S. in 2019: nearly 40,000.

(Incidentally, motor-vehicle safety is another area that has benefited from public-health research over the years, as studies led to seat belt mandates and other regulations that significantly reduced car-accident injuries and deaths.)

Dr. Rodriguez and Dr. Ponce will focus their research on young adults, veterans, immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

“We suspect there may be more people who own guns in these categories than we thought, because of the fear many of them have and the persecution many of them have experienced,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “Unfortunately, while fear frequently drives people to get a gun, with the thought that having that gun will increase their safety, the reality is that a handgun in the home increases the risks for homicide and for suicide in that home.”

Veterans are at high risk of suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, Dr. Ponce notes, and are more likely than other Americans to own a firearm. According to a 2019 report by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the suicide rate is 1.5 times higher for veterans than non-veterans and firearms were the method in 70% of male veteran suicide deaths.

In addition, guns were the leading cause of death among children and teens in 2019, according to the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.

The aim of UCLA’s research and other public-health explorations of gun violence is to inform public policies, Dr. Rodriguez says, adding that public sentiment already favors increased gun-safety measures. Various polls show that a majority of Americans, including a majority of gun owners, support such policies as universal background checks and allowing a judge to remove guns from people at risk of hurting themselves or others.

Dr. Rodriguez says he hopes to see gun safety addressed with the same nonpartisan energy as the opioid epidemic.

“Republicans and Democrats are coming together to find sound ways to provide information about opioids, to provide laws to protect the public,” he says of the drug crisis. “Everybody in the public knows that opioids are dangerous — they’re dangerous and let’s do something about it. Same thing we should be doing with guns: get together with those who we elect and help create safer environments.”

Dr. Ponce notes that the United States has more guns and more gun deaths than other high-income countries. The loss isn’t only in lives, but in dollars, with gun violence costing the U.S. more than $280 billion annually in medical care, criminal-justice costs, employer costs and work loss.

“Building research and data on gun violence enables policymakers and advocates to make strides toward gun-violence prevention,” she says. “It’s even more critical now with all of the tragic events happening around the nation with racial tensions amidst the pandemic, which has been fraught with devastating losses.”

AQShda har kuni sodir bo'lgan otishmalarga qaramay, doktor Rodriges o'qotar qurollar va ular etkazgan zararlar haqidagi puxta tadqiqotlar qonunlarni o'zgartirish va odamlarni keraksiz shikastlanishlar va o'limdan himoya qilish uchun etarlicha jamoat va siyosiy qo'llab-quvvatlashga olib kelishi mumkinligidan umidvor.

"Men uning ishini ko'rdim", deydi doktor Rodriges, uning tadqiqotlari Stenford universitetida doktorlik dissertanti sifatida o'tkazilgan tadqiqot "shanba kuni kechasi maxsus" deb nomlanuvchi arzon, past kalibrli qurollarni taqiqlash harakatiga hissa qo'shdi, natijada 1997 yilda shtat miqyosida taqiq qo'yildi. .

Ovozli tadqiqotlar butun mamlakat bo'ylab shunga o'xshash harakatni ilhomlantirishi mumkin, deydi u.

"Xuddi tamaki singari, opioidlar bilan bo'lgani kabi, biz ham vaziyatni o'zgartirishimiz kerak va biz buni qila olamiz", deydi u. "Biz buni qila olamiz, chunki odamlar hamma narsa boshqacha bo'lishini xohlashadi. O'ylaymanki, biz sog'liqni saqlash sohasida o'z jamoalarimiz va uylarimizni xavfsizroq qilish uchun nima qilishimiz kerakligi haqida maslahat bera olamiz ".

O'z joniga qasd qilishning oldini olish va yordam manbalari haqida ko'proq bilib oling.


Videoni tomosha qiling: Одам гушти Астахфиллох (Iyul 2022).


Izohlar:

  1. Tagar

    Menimcha, siz adashyapsiz. Ishonchim komil. Men o'z pozitsiyamni himoya qila olaman. Meni kechqurun elektron pochta orqali yuboring, biz gaplashamiz.

  2. Macauslan

    Men siz bilan bu haqda gaplashmoqchi edim.

  3. Maris

    Gorgeous, I'll take it to my diary

  4. Ghazi

    Siz noto'g'ri ekanligingizga ishonaman. Biz muhokama qilishimiz kerak. Menga kechqurun yozing.

  5. Vulkis

    Kechirasiz, men aralashaman ... shunga o'xshash vaziyat. Muhokama qilishga taklif qilaman.

  6. Abdel

    Sorry for all of them.

  7. Gaktilar

    Kechirasiz, bu aralashdi ... Bu vaziyat menga tanish. Muhokama qilaylik. Bu erda yoki bosh vazir yozing.



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